Project Dashboard

Diversity of pelagic primary producers in coastal habitats and the potential for harmful blooms in Eastern Canadian Arctic, with a focus near Iqaluit, Nunavut (149121)
Proposal Status: Conformity Determination Issued
Project Overview
Type of application: New
Proponent name: Michel Gosselin
Company: ISMER, Université du Québec à Rimouski
Schedule:
Start Date: 2019-08-05
End Date: 2020-09-30
Operation Type: Seasonal
Project Description:
The current climate-related changes will affect the current distribution and dynamics of phytoplankton species. As the sea-ice cover shrinks and freshwater runoff to the Arctic Ocean increases, changes in stratification are drastically altering the balance between light and nutrient availability. These changes may enhance the probability and frequency of harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the Arctic. Coupled with the current increase in ship traffic, it will also provide new dispersal routes to invasive phytoplankton species from other regions. In the Canadian Arctic, human populations have a strong connection to marine resources and rely on traditional harvest of fish and marine mammals as subsistence food. In coastal areas, HABs pose a health risk to local populations that may consume infested animals. Indeed, neurotoxins produced by toxic algae, namely domoic acid (DA) and saxitoxin (STX), have been detected recently in Alaska in the tissues of arctic marine mammals in concentrations that could potentially impact their health. No HAB event has been reported in the Canadian Arctic to date; there is however an urgent need to identify the sites that will be most vulnerable to such event. Currently, the prevention and surveying of HABs and phytoplankton invasion in the Canadian Arctic Ocean is hindered by the lack of a comprehensive knowledge of the current distribution of harmful phytoplankton species. Here, we propose a two-part project. First, we propose to survey the diversity and distribution of phytoplankton, including potential harmful species, in the inner part of Frobisher Bay near Iqaluit, an area that is affected by shipping activity. The primary productivity in these shallow, well-mixed waters is potentially high. Phytoplankton would be collected from a locally chartered boat using a Niskin bottle and a phytoplankton net and surface sediment samples would be collected using a grab sampler in Koojesse, Peterhead and Tarr inlets, areas of concern to the local Hunters and Trappers Association. Secondly, we would build a comprehensive database that would include available data on the distribution of phytoplankton (including harmful and invasive species) in the Canadian Arctic Ocean and surrounding waters. This database would include records from academic, government and literature sources on the historic and current distribution of these phytoplankton taxa, and would be useable by researchers and managers as a baseline for evaluating status and origins of surveyed phytoplankton taxa. This database would be used in combination with survey data from inner Frobisher Bay to detect the arrival of new phytoplankton taxa and identify sites vulnerable to HABs. The proposed project would characterize the current and past biodiversity of the pelagic primary producers in and around the Iqaluit area to provide baseline data to help detect the arrival of potential nonindigenous phytoplankton taxa, especially harmful species. It would also survey existing data on biodiversity of the pelagic primary producers in the Canadian Arctic, notably in and near the highest activity ports (active and future).
Personnel:
Persons: 2
Days: 16
Project Map
List of all project geometries:
ID Geometry Location Name
5236 polygon Koojesse Inlet sampling area
5242 polygon Peterhead Inlet sampling asrea
Planning Regions:
Qikiqtani
Affected Areas and Land Types
Municipal
Settlement Area
Project Land Use and Authorizations
Project Land Use
Scientific Research
Licensing Agencies
DFO: Fish for Scientific Purposes Permit
NRI: Scientific Research Licence
Other Licensing Requirements
No data found.
Material Use
Equipment
Type Quantity Size Use
Pick-up (locally rented) 1 N/A To carry equipment to the boat and to the Nunavut Research Institute
Boat (locally chartered) 1 N/A To reach the stations in Koojesse, Peterhead and Tarr inlets.
CTD device 1 65 cm height To measure water temperature and salinity.
Secchi disk 1 30 cm width To measure water transparency.
Phytoplankton net (20 µm mesh) 1 100 cm height To collect phytoplankton samples.
Niskin bottle 1 64 cm height To collect phytoplankton samples.
Grab sampler 1 21 cm height; 17 width X 21.5 cm length To collect surface sediment samples
Fuel Use
Type Container(s) Capacity UOM Use
Gasoline 1 1000 Liters For the boat (details to be confirmed with the local crew) and the pick-up (details to be confirmed with the local renter).
Hazardous Material and Chemical Use
Type Container(s) Capacity UOM Use
Formaldehyde solution 37% 1 1 Liters 500 mL. To preserve sediment samples.
Formaldehyde solution 20% with hexamine 1 1 Liters 500 mL. To preserve sediment samples.
Acidic Lugol’s solution 1 1 Liters To preserve phytoplankton samples.
Chlorohydric acid (37%) 1 1 Liters To rinse and sterilize equipment in the laboratory.
Denaturated ethanol 1 4 Liters To preserve sediment and phytoplankton samples.
Water Consumption
Daily Amount (m3) Retrieval Method Retrieval Location
0
Waste and Impacts
Environmental Impacts
No predicted impact on the environment. All of the chemicals will be used in the laboratory and in compliance with Health Canada policies. No chemical will be rejected at sea and the laboratory waste (e.g. potential spills of formaldehyde) arising from our activities will be stored in dedicated containers to be brought back to Rimouski, Québec. There, it will be treated and disposed of by Université du Québec à Rimouski in accordance with current regulations. MSDS sheets (handling and safety data) for each chemical will be available on site.
Waste Management
Waste Type Quantity Generated Treatement Method Disposal Method
No data found.
Category: Imported geometry - proect geometry
Recieved: 2019-04-18
Originator: Kaven Dionne
Public Registry ID: 15898
Document Size: 1.44 Kb
Category: Imported geometry - proect geometry
Recieved: 2019-04-18
Originator: Kaven Dionne
Public Registry ID: 15899
Document Size: 1.44 Kb
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Recieved: 2019-04-18
Originator: Kaven Dionne
Public Registry ID: 15900
Document Size: 1.44 Kb
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Recieved: 2019-04-18
Originator: Kaven Dionne
Public Registry ID: 15901
Document Size: 1.88 Kb
Category: Imported geometry - proect geometry
Recieved: 2019-04-18
Originator: Kaven Dionne
Public Registry ID: 15902
Document Size: 1.44 Kb
Category: Application related document - Conformity Determination Letter
Recieved: 2019-05-24
Originator: Goump Djalogue
Public Registry ID: 16590
Document Size: 234.7 Kb