Project Dashboard

“Limited Choices, Lasting Traditions: How Colonialism and Climate Change Have Affected Traditional Inuit Life” (149376)
Proposal Status: Conformity Determination Issued
Project Overview
Type of application: Amendment
Proponent name: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Company: Arctic Centre, University of Groningen
Schedule:
Start Date: 2021-07-10
End Date: 2021-08-30
Operation Type: Seasonal
Project Description:
(Amended project description, 05/06/2020) INTRODUCTION TO THE PROJECT Since around AD 1300, traditional life for Inuit has changed dramatically due in part to climate change (both warming and cooling episodes) and—more recently—the impacts of settler colonialism. Through both archaeological and anthropological (ethnographic) fieldwork, I am investigating and reconstructing the long-term subsistence and settlement regimes of Amitturmiut/Iglulingmiut in northern Foxe Basin. The goal of this ethnoarchaeological project is to determine how and why some traditional practices, such as subsistence hunting, could be successfully adapted to social and ecological stresses, while others, such as traditional architecture and shamanic belief systems, faded away over time. Such work requires not only focused archaeological investigation (survey and limited excavation), but also close collaboration with Inuit elders—many of whom are only a half century or so removed from a seasonally-mobile life on the land. The project began with a highly-successful season of pilot research with Iglulingmiut elders at Avvajja (NiHg-1) over the summer of 2018, and continued with larger-scale archaeological survey and excavation at the long-occupied hunting camp Uglit (NfHd-1) in 2019. I will continue this important research at the multicomponent sites Qaiqsut (NiHa-1) and Pingiqqalik (NgHd-1) from July to August 2021. 2019 RESEARCH AT UGLIT Over the summer of 2019, I led archaeological fieldwork at Uglit, a large and well-preserved marine-mammal hunting camp approximately 45 kilometers southeast of Igloolik. In addition to myself, the field crew consisted of Dr. Scott Rufolo, an archaeologist and paleontologist at the Canadian Museum of Nature (CMN); Dr. Rocco Palermo, a landscape archaeologist and GIS specialist at the University of Groningen; Ms. Matilda Siebrecht, an Arctic Centre PhD student I supervise who focuses on Arctic material culture analysis; Jelke Take, an undergraduate student from the Groningen Institute of Archaeology and Igloolik resident Mr. Salamon Mikki, an Inuk enrolled under the Nunavut Agreement, who serve as our guide and polar bear monitor. (Mr. Mikki’s immediate family also camped alongside us for the duration of the project.) The work produced the most detailed cultural and topographic map of the area to date, as well as descriptions of hundreds of new Neo-Inuit house, tent-ring and cache features blanketing the length and breadth of the island. Ultimately, the results will provide valuable information on the Postclassic Thule Inuit experience in this resource-rich region. Thorough artifact and zooarchaeological analyses of the well-preserved material culture collected in 2019 are ongoing. All material is being securely held at the CMN’s Natural Heritage Campus in Gatineau, Quebec. As at Avvajja in 2018, no Inuit sod houses were dug within or otherwise disturbed over the course of the research. Notably, select artifacts we recovered from Uglit will be featured in Planet Ice, a major upcoming exhibit at the CMN. Engagement with both elders and youth is a continued priority for the Limited Choices, Lasting Traditions project. For this reason, I worked closely with representatives of the Inuit Heritage Trust (IHT) in Iqaluit to facilitate a one-week archaeological field school during the 2019 field season for three local high-school students. Supervised in the field by our field crew and IHT staffer Ms. Zipporah Ungalaq, students gained a number of valuable, transferable skills. Importantly, Ms. Ungalaq and Mr. Mikki helped to transmit important cultural knowledge about the site both to the field school students and our crew. Indeed, among Iglulingmiut, there exists much traditional knowledge—transmitted orally by earlier generations—of Inuit life at Uglit and other sites the Foxe Basin region. For this reason, I traveled to Igloolik in February and March 2020 to interview a notable local elder (with a social science research license from NRI). I also consult with the Mayor, the Board of the Igloolik HTO and the wider community via a public presentation on the future research plan. PROPOSED RESEARCH AT QAIQSUT AND PINGIQQALIK (JULY 10th TO AUGUST 20th, 2021) Qaiqsut (Qaersut, Kaersut) is a multicomponent (Dorset/Tuniit and Thule-to-historic Inuit (ca. AD 1280-1900) village site situated on the northern half of the southernmost island in a three-island chain at approximately 69.471234, -80.308345. (The chain is known in English as the Calthorpe Islands.) Sitting between approximately seven and 20 meters above sea level, the site was previously investigated in 1954 by Danish archaeologist Jorgen Meldgaard, who reported nine Paleo-Inuit houses (see NWT 54-148). The island was revisited by Sylvie Leblanc in 2012, and is well known among Iglulingmiut as a once-important campsite prior to the settlement of Igloolik in the 1960s. Second focus site for the project—Pingiqqalik (Pingerkalik, Pinger Point)—is a much larger multicomponent campsite situated on a peninsula of the same name some 38 kilometers southeast of Igloolik at approximately 69.096564, -81.261544. (I carried out research at the site’s robust Thule Inuit houses and middens over the summer of 2012). The cultural focus of fieldwork in 2020 will be the large, pristine Dorset/Tuniit component centered on the northern end of the peninsula. The research plan at both sites is largely similar to that at Uglit in 2019. The goal is to collect information on the long-term use by both Paleo- and Neo-Inuit of the local areas and surrounding waters. These data, along with the traditional knowledge gained in Igloolik, will be compared with that of other sites nearby, including Uglit and Avvajja. Research will begin at Qaiqsut, after which the crew will relocate by boat to Pingiqqalik. I will lead a field crew of five, including me, Dr. Rufolo, Ms. Siebrecht, Mr. Take and a bear monitor and guide to be determined. Our goals include (a) mapping the sites using drone photogrammetry and DGPS technology and (b) limited testing of Dorset house and midden features (trash deposits) at both sites, as well as Thule Inuit middens at Qaiqsut. (Once again, we will not disturb any Inuit house features at either site.) As in previous years, this work will be carried out with permits from the Department of Culture and Heritage (Archaeology and Paleontology Class II Permit), the Nunavut Research Institute, as well as clearance from the Nunavut Planning Commission (NPC) and the Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB). Because both Qaiqsut and Pingiqqalik are located on Inuit Owned Lands (IOL), a land use exemption is being requested from the Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA). IHT has pledged to support another field school for Iglulingmiut youth at Qaiqsut this summer, with Ms. Ungalaq likely joining the project again. I met with an IHT representative in Iqaluit in February 2020 to discuss the collaboration further. Analysis of the materials collected will continue to the end of 2021 at the CMN. Any delicate organic materials collected will be professionally conserved at the Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI) in Ottawa. RESEARCH EXPERIENCE I have 12 years of experience of active field and laboratory research in Arctic archaeology, and I have previously led (as Principal Investigator) successful archaeological field excavations and surveys in remote locales in northern Foxe Basin. This has involved designing research plans, selecting and training field crew members, managing camp logistics and supervising day-to-day fieldwork. I also have extensive experience managing, conserving and analysing large collections of artifacts and archaeofaunal material. Importantly, I have a demonstrated record of close collaboration with Inuit and government stakeholders. In the fall of 2013, I was granted special permission by the local Native authority to observe the traditional Yup’ik walrus hunt at Round Island (Qayassiq), Bristol Bay, Alaska; prior to this, no outside researcher had been allowed to document the hunt. In recent years, I have built particularly strong working relationships with Inuit elders and hunters in Igloolik and surrounding areas, and I look forward to continuing to integrate their perspectives into my research. I also have experience working closely and productively with elders. In 2018, Nunavut Territorial Archaeologist Dr. Sylvie LeBlanc and I organized a reunion at Avvajja for Iglulingmiut with ancestral ties to the site; for an entire day, eight elders and approximately 140 of their relatives visited the site, feasted on country food, and traded stories about life in the region in the early 20th century.
Summary of Modifications:
This amendment is due to the postponement of the project one calendar year due to the Covid-19 crisis. The operations phase is now 2021-07-10 to 2021-08-30. (The previous version of this application listed the operations phase as 2020-07-10 to 2020-08-30.)
Personnel:
Persons: 5
Days: 52
Project Map
List of all project geometries:
ID Geometry Location Name
6368 polygon Uglit - Primary Site Study Area
6369 polygon Uglit - Secondary Site Study Area
6370 polygon Calthorpe Is. - Qaiqsut (field camp locale) at lower right
6371 polygon Pingiqqalik (Pinger Point)
Planning Regions:
Qikiqtani
Affected Areas and Land Types
Inuit Owned Surface Lands
Settlement Area
Project Land Use and Authorizations
Project Land Use
Scientific Research
Scientific Research
Licensing Agencies
CH: Archaeology and Paleontology Research Permit, Class II
QIA: Exemption Certificate
NRI: Scientific Research Licence
Other Licensing Requirements
No data found.
Material Use
Equipment
Type Quantity Size Use
None N/A N/A No heavy (or light) equipment will be used. A small campsite will be maintained for the field participants during the four-week duration of the project.
Fuel Use
Type Container(s) Capacity UOM Use
Gasoline 3 5 Gallons Gasoline will be used to power two small-capacity camp generators.
Propane 8 20 Lbs Propane will be used to power the camp stove for cooking.
Hazardous Material and Chemical Use
Type Container(s) Capacity UOM Use
N/A 0 0 Cubic ft No hazardous materials or chemicals will be kept on site.
Water Consumption
Daily Amount (m3) Retrieval Method Retrieval Location
0 No water sources on-site; all water will be brought to the island by boat from Igloolik Municipal (tap) water from Igloolik
Waste and Impacts
Environmental Impacts
As archeologists, we are sensitive to any negative impacts on the integrity of the cultural and natural landscape. Sod and other ground cover will be set aside at the beginning of excavations, and will be returned to the surface after excavation and backfilling; the goal is to leave the landscape and any visible cultural materials as close to the state in which we found them as possible. As noted previously, our field crew will produce a small amount of personal waste and refuse. The sewage (human waste) will be buried, and the refuse will either be safely burned on-site or returned to Igloolik for safe disposal at the close of excavations. Potentially hazardous materials on site include propane, batteries and gasoline. The spill contingency plan will be reviewed with each member of the field crew prior to setting up camp. Any significant sightings of wildlife will be recorded and reported to both the Igloolik and Hall Beach Hunters and Trappers Association; however, no wildlife will be disturbed during the course of this field season, and all efforts will be made to reduce contact.
Waste Management
Waste Type Quantity Generated Treatement Method Disposal Method
Sewage (human waste) A relatively small amount (5 crew over approximately 50 days) N/A Burial and burning
Category: Application form attachment - Hazardous Material Use
Recieved: 2020-06-05
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17832
Document Size: 21.97 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - Hazardous Material Use
Recieved: 2019-03-06
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17818
Document Size: 13.87 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - Hazardous Material Use
Recieved: 2020-02-07
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17822
Document Size: 21.2 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - Hazardous Material Use
Recieved: 2020-03-31
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17827
Document Size: 21.97 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - License/ Authorization
Recieved: 2019-02-21
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17817
Document Size: 396.23 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - License/ Authorization
Recieved: 2020-02-07
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17823
Document Size: 87.81 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - License/ Authorization
Recieved: 2020-03-31
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17828
Document Size: 87.81 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - Project description
Recieved: 2020-06-05
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17831
Document Size: 438.54 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - Project description
Recieved: 2019-02-21
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17816
Document Size: 67.53 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - Project description
Recieved: 2020-02-07
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17821
Document Size: 282.4 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - Project description
Recieved: 2020-03-31
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17825
Document Size: 127.42 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - Project description
Recieved: 2020-03-31
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17826
Document Size: 438.52 Kb
Category: Application form attachment - Project description
Recieved: 2020-06-05
Originator: Sean P. A. Desjardins
Public Registry ID: 17830
Document Size: 127.5 Kb
Category: Application related document - Conformity Determination Letter
Recieved: 2019-04-05
Originator: Goump Djalogue
Public Registry ID: 17820
Document Size: 222.32 Kb
Category: Application related document - Conformity Determination Letter
Recieved: 2020-02-11
Originator: Goump Djalogue
Public Registry ID: 17824
Document Size: 246.76 Kb
Category: Application related document - Conformity Determination Letter
Recieved: 2020-04-01
Originator: Goump Djalogue
Public Registry ID: 17829
Document Size: 247.89 Kb