Type of application: New
||Department of Fisheries and Oceans
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) seeks to continue marine ecosystem research and monitoring of the Eclipse Sound region, including Tremblay Sound and Milne Inlet. This field program consists of passive acoustic monitoring, remote biopsy and tagging of narwhal and killer whales, behavior recording using drones, and photo identification of killer whales.
Length: 8 weeks
Time: August – September
1.What are the fine-scale movements of narwhals in the Eclipse Sound area, and how do these movements relate to prey availability, predator presence, shipping traffic and oceanographic parameters?
2.What are the temporal and spatial patterns of underwater sound (biological, wind, ice, shipping) in Tremblay Sound and Milne Inlet?
3.What is the population size and structure of killer whales in the Eastern Canadian Arctic and what is their ecology (distribution, movement, diet)?
4.What is the fine-scale behaviour of killer whales and how do they interact with their prey species and influence the Arctic marine ecosystem?
1.Assess narwhal and killer whale abundance, behaviour and distribution in Eclipse Sound.
2.Examine environmental noise and vocalizations of marine mammals in Tremblay Sound and other areas.
3.Continuation of community-based research teams for remote tagging of killer whales and narwhals.
4.Produce a catalogue of killer whale calls and associated behaviors to allow for passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) of presence and activity throughout the study area.
Killer whale presence and shipping traffic is increasing in Eclipse Sound and there is growing concern among Inuit that this will negatively impact marine mammals and food security. This project seeks to understand cumulative effects of shipping and killer whales on narwhals.
Hydrophones and recorders will be attached to small bottom anchored moorings placed within Milne Inlet, Tremblay Sound, and Eclipse Sound to record ambient noise, shipping noise, and marine mammal vocalizations. Specific locations will be determined after consultation with local Hunters and Trappers Organizations (HTO), Parks Canada, and local communities. Recorder deployments are expected to last from months to approximately 1 year.
Biopsy collection and satellite tag deployment will be done remotely from a boat using either CO2 rifles or crossbows. For satellite tagging of killer whales, the whales will be slowly approached by boat, to within 10m, and Limpet model satellite tags will be deployed onto the dorsal fin with 6-cm metal darts that will anchor below the skin into the cartilage. Drone work and other behavioural observations will be conducted opportunistically when killer whales and narwhals are present, either from a boat or from the shore.
Researchers will be stationed out of Pond Inlet, DFO’s Tremblay Sound camp, or at Inuit hunting camps in the area. Environmental impacts from the field camp are expected to be minimal and will be mitigated using best management practices. Impacts from remote tagging are expected to be minimal and will follow the required DFO animal use protocols to ensure that the methods meet the Canadian Council on Animal Care guidelines.
Community Involvement and Data:
Locally hired project participants have been previously trained and involved in narwhal killer whale research program (moorings, drones, remote tagging). The 2021 field program and beyond will continue to hire, train and work with Inuit researchers. Data will be stored and managed using DFO protocols. Interim and final results will be shared with local communities and organizations including those from graduate students’ research.
List of all project geometries:
Affected Areas and Land Types
Inuit Owned Surface Lands
Extablished National or Territorial Park
North Baffin Planning Region
Project Land Use and Authorizations
Project Land Use
DFO: Animal Use Protocol Permit
Other Licensing Requirements
No data found.
||Electricity (Camp Kitchen, Wet Lab, Dry Lab)
||Collecting passive acoustic data (underwater noise recordings). Moored either with a surface buoy (vinyl fishing float and anchor, or a subsurface buoy and acoustic VEMCO release.
||Aluminum frame boat or zodiacs. To move personnel to camp, deploy and retrieve hydrophones and to remotely tag narwhal and killer whales.
|Remote tagging (narwhal)
||Tags will be attached via a single point anchor system similar to a Domeier or Wilton design. Depending on distance to the narwhal and preference of the crew, a jab-stick, harpoon or crossbow(preferably jab-stick) will be used to attach the anchor. Narwhals will not be actively pursued during this procedure and should only feel the momentary jab from tag anchor insertion. A max of 25 narwhals would be tagged, the final number will be decided with the Pond Inlet HTA
|Remote tagging (killer whales)
||Limpet model satellite tags will be deployed onto the dorsal fin with 6-cm metal darts that will anchor below the skin into the cartilage, using crossbows. A maximum of 20 killer whales will be tagged this final number will be decided with the Pond Inlet HTA
||Drone work and other behavioural observations will be conducted opportunistically when killer whales are present
|Dan Inject CO2 gun
||Skin biopsies will be collected using a Dan Inject CO2 gun to fire biopsy darts fitted with a 25 mm long x 6 mm diameter sterile stainless steel biopsy tip. Biopsies will be used for killer whale genetics work.
Hazardous Material and Chemical Use
||Gasoline will be used to fuel boats. Local boat operators will determine how much fuel to bring. It is estimated that there may be 5-8 45-gallon drums of fuel used during the research season. If fuel is cached best practice will be used for fuelling and storage.
|No records found.|
|Daily Amount (m3)
||By zodiac at high tide or by collected hand
Waste and Impacts
Researchers will mainly use the Tremblay Sound camp or Inuit hunting camps of collaborators in the area. Environmental impacts from the field camp are expected to be minimal and will be mitigated using best management practices, including:
•When stationed at Tremblay Sound, as done in previous years, participants will dig trenches to buried disposed of organic waste and grey water away from water sources.
•Burnable garbage will be burned to remove attractants.
•Food will be stored to prevent wildlife attractants.
•Firearms and bear deterrents including air horns are located at camp to prevent polar bear conflicts.
•Inuit researchers and trained staff will perform camp watches if needed to ensure the safety of the research team and animals.
•Chemicals and containers will be stored, handled and disposed of in accordance with labels, MSDS, and regulations.
•DFO staff will receive WHIMIS training prior to field seasons and complete DFO OSH camp safety protocols and check lists. Camp will be kept orderly and clean to avoid any spills or accidents.
•Waste, fuelling and storage will adhere to Tallurutiup Imanga National Conservation Area's best management practices.
•When working from Inuit hunting camp researchers will mitigate impacts using the practices used by Inuit for their camps.
•All non-burnable will be transported back to Pond Inlet for disposal.
||<1 Garbage bag / day
||Burned and/or transported back to Pond Inlet for proper disposal in accordance with local Inuit and Parks Canada regulations.
||<1 Garbage bag/day
||Dispose of at municipal waste centre in Pond Inlet
||Greywater will be disposed using responsible methods (backfilled) and will ensure greywater is dispersed away from water sources.
|Sewage (human waste)
||10 L / day
||Human waste will be disposed using responsible methods (backfilled) and disposed of well away from water sources.
Application related document - Conformity Determination Letter
Public Registry ID:
2021-04-19 18:40:10, from: Solomon Amuno
Thanks for submitting your proposal to the Nunavut Planning Commision. We are returning your application back to you to identify DFO as an authorizing agency in your NPC application. Let us know if have any questions regarding this.
NORTH BAFFIN QUESTIONAIRE
s3.13.8: The applicant undertakes to prevent any new occurrences of pollution, garbage and contamination at the site of the development.
Removal of Fuel Drums:
s3.13.8: The applicant undertakes to remove all drums safely from the site and dispose of the drums in a safe manner.
New Site Restoration and Clean Up:
s3.13.1 and Appendix H, s1: The applicant undertakes to clean up the site and restore the site to its natural condition to the greatest extent possible.
Old Site Restoration and Clean Up:
s3.13.2: The applicant undertakes to clean up the site and restore the site to its original condition to the greatest extent possible, including any work required due to the applicant's action prior to this application.
Low-Level Air Flights:
Appendix H, s3: Will the applicant avoid all low-level flights?
Caribou Protection Measures:
s3.3.7 and Appendix D: Will the applicant comply with the Caribou Protection Measures outlined in section 2.4.6 and in Appendix D?
Caribou Water Crossings:
s3.3.7 and map: Will the applicant avoid, between may 15 and September 1, to construct any camp, cache any fuel or conduct any blasting within 10 km of any Designated Caribou Water Crossing identified
Polar Bear Denning Areas and Walrus Haul-outs:
s3.3.8: Will the applicant keep its activities away from any polar bear denning area or walrus haul-out?
Reporting of Archaeological Sites:
s3.11.3 and Appendix H, s2 and s8: Will the applicant immediately report the discovery of all suspected archaeological sites to the Department of Culture, Language, Elders and Youth (GN)?
s3.9.3: Does the project proposal involve scientific research?
If yes, will the applicant integrate all available and relevant local and traditional knowledge when conducting its research?
Consultation with Nunavut Research Institute:
s3.9.5: Has the applicant consulted with the Nunavut Research Institute about research topics that would benefit or interest local residents?
ii. If no, explain why.
Consultation is planned with local communities, HTO, and other relevant bodies in 2021. The research program targets topics that match the Qikiqtaaluk Regional Wildlife Priorities (2018-2021) including: Wildlife Priorities #1- Impacts of Shipping Wildlife Priorities #2- Increasing killer whale populations: impacts to ringed seals, photo identification, stock delineation and assessment Wildlife Priorities #4 - Impacts of tourism on wildlife distributions and migration (e.g. hunting areas, walrus haul-out sites)Wildlife Priorities #5 - Traditional knowledge and Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit research: facilitate community involvement in research & Eclipse Sound narwhal: information about movement and distribution, abundance estimate, Total Allowable Landed Catch recommendations Wildlife Priorities #6 - Describe community structure of marine and freshwater ecosystems
Local Services and Local Employment:
s3.9.4: Will the applicant rely on local services and employment where possible?
i. Describe the services retained and the people to be employed.
Locals will be hired and involved in the project including as; boat drivers, local researchers, consultation organizers, and Inuit knowledge holders. Local Services , including using local facilities for consultations will be utilized.
Communication on Scientific Research:
s3.2.8: The applicant will, at minimum, translate a summary of its work into Inuktitut and communicate with communities using language that is clear and non-technical. The results of all scientific re
MARINE AND TERRESTRIAL TRANSPORTATION
s3.5.11, s18.104.22.168: Does the proposal consider the development of a transportation and/or communications corridor?
Code of Good Conduct for Land Users:
Appendix H: The applicant undertakes to adhere to the code of Good Conduct at all times.