Nunavut Tunngavik Inc. (NTI) is developing cultural resource inventories for seven Migratory Bird Sanctuaries (MBSs) and National Wildlife Areas (NWAs). The goal of this project is to collect information about cultural resources and areas of importance to Inuit within the MBSs. The inventories will be made available through a digital platform housed in each of the associated communities. All data collected and developed during this project will be owned by NTI and catalogued in a secure, password-protected database. NTI has hired Know History to help with this work.
A team will travel to Salliq (Coral Harbour) to consult with community members. They will also take trips to the Ikkattuaq (Harry Gibbons) and Qaqsauqtuuq (East Bay) MBSs to conduct interviews with knowledge holders and record video footage of the area.
The team will consist of 5-10 people, including at least one Know History staff member or sub-contractor and a videographer. Local Inuit elders and guides will also accompany the group. These individuals will be identified during community consultations. The group will bring tools such as video recording equipment (cameras, microphones, tripods) and camping equipment (tents, sleeping pads/bags, camp stoves with naphtha fuel).
The trips will be between 1-4 days (based on consultation with community members and representatives). The teams will travel to the MBSs by boat, plane, or ATV. Once within the MBSs, they will travel by foot or by ATV. Gasoline for the boat and ATVs may be taken into the MBSs as part of these trips. No gasoline will be deposited directly into the waters or other areas frequented by migratory birds or wildlife. Fuel will be stored in appropriate containers and away from waterways. On multi-day trips, a project team member will inspect the storage containers for leaks and repair them immediately.
When in the sanctuaries, the project team will maintain a safe distance from any archaeological sites. The group will also be instructed to avoid any and all interactions with wildlife, including known nesting, breeding, moulting, calving, and denning areas. They will be trained on how to identify these areas and to maintain a distance from them. The project team will not feed or attempt to attract wildlife.
Temporary structures, such as tents, will be constructed for multi-day trips. These structures will be built by or under the supervision of a local guide. All food, garbage, and scented and flavoured toiletries will be stored in air-tight containers and secured from wildlife. Cooking and eating areas will be set up at least fifty metres away from tenting areas. Personnel will ensure that all garbage and wildlife attractants are inaccessible to wildlife at all times. All garbage or debris will be removed from the sanctuary. The project team will follow all safety instructions given by the local guide.
The project team will bring the following equipment to help them conduct their interviews and capture video footage:
• Video recording equipment (Canon video cameras, batteries, microphones, tripods)
• Printed maps (used to record areas of importance).
For the proposed fieldwork in 2022, local community members will:
• Act as guides, translators, and community liaisons
• Participate in interviews and community consultation meetings
• Participate in trips to the MBSs.
The project team will stay in Salliq. The team will also rent out the local hamlet chambers for interviews and community meetings.
The MBSs are approximately 110 km southwest and 35 km east of Salliq.
For Ikkattuaq (Harry Gibbons) MBS, a camp will be set up approximately at 63.5641, -85.5656.
For Qaqsauqtuuq (East Bay) MBS, a camp will be set up approximately at 63.9872, -81.6954.
History of the sites:
In 1957, Canadian Wildlife Services proposed the establishment of Qaqsauqtuuq (East Bay) and Ikkattuaq (Harry Gibbons) MBSs. The sanctuaries were proposed to protect lesser snow goose nesting areas from prospecting and tourism on the island. The MBSs were officially established in 1959. The areas are home to several other bird species and wildlife.
In May and June 2021, Know History hired two local community liaisons in Salliq. They introduced the project to the community and conducted ten map biography interviews with local knowledge holders about the MBSs and other areas of importance to Inuit. Ahead of the proposed fieldwork, the project team will hold additional community consultation meetings.
Know History has also been in contact with members of:
• The Irniurviit Area Co-Management Committee
• The Hamlet of Coral Harbour
• Aiviit HTO
• The Kivalliq Inuit Association
• The Regional Inuit Association
• Environment and Climate Change Canada.
In 2022, the project team will also meet with the Irniurviit Area Co-Management Committee and the Kivalliq Inuit Association’s Community Liaison Officer in Salliq to discuss the project and identify any concerns. The project team will work with these organizations to address any concerns raised.