The following is a list of potential impacts which could result from the proposed activities, including mitigation measures:
a. Activity and vehicle traffic from the proposed activities is expected to increase ambient noise levels and may also cause minor disturbance to the wildlife within the vicinity of activity locations. However, since all activities will be temporary, impacts are expected to be minimal.
b.Vehicles involved in NOREX GN 23 will release particles into the atmosphere and contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. Air quality in the vicinity of activities may be temporarily reduced due to the increased fumes. However, due to the relatively short duration of the activity, and the use of new, lower emission vehicles, impacts to the atmosphere are expected to be minimal.
c.Despite direction to ensure all waste material is to be properly contained and transported back for disposal, the potential exists for waste material produced during NOREX GN 23 to litter property or be windblown onto surrounding locations. However, every effort will be made to ensure this does not happen; therefore, the impact is considered to be easily mitigated and insignificant.
d.Should a fuel leak and/or spill occur from vehicles, equipment, etc., the possibility exists for contamination of ground water resources, soil and/or surface water. However, all units traveling outside Resolute Bay will have spill cleanup supplies, and will be instructed on their use; therefore, the potential for a malfunction and/or accident to cause any significant impact is low.
e.Peary Caribou are an endangered species and live in the vicinity of Resolute Bay. Dolphin and Union Caribou are a species of special concern and live in the vicinity of Resolute Bay. Human activities have the potential to disturb these animals, however any caribou seen will be avoided minimizing the potential disturbance of any individual caribou or caribou herds.
f.Polar bears are a specie of special concern and are present in the AO as they are bound to the population of their main prey: the seal. All appropriate measures in terms of containment of food and waste will be taken as to avoid attracting them needlessly to the bivouacs. Also, due to the type of activities carried during the NOREX, an encounter is much less likely. However, in such a situation, predator control protocols may need to be used, causing the need to drive off or kill an animal. Designated personnel will be given training on the best non-lethal and lethal methods for predator control. In any case, non-lethal methods will be prioritized.
g.The used of blank ammunitions does generate brass which could cause contamination of ground soils and/or water surface. However, all weapons will be equipped with a brass-catcher bag that will collect those after which they will be bagged, carried, returned to CAFATC until they can be returned to Quebec for disposal at military facilities with rest of the salvage.
While there is potential for activities to impact the environment, mitigation measures have been established to minimize their significance. These mitigation measures include, but are not limited, to:
a. An environmental brief will be provided to personnel involved in the exercise to ensure they have the required general level of environmental awareness and knowledge, and are aware of requirements related to wildlife prevention, response and reporting.
b.Vehicle movement will be restricted in sensitive areas. In the event established trails are impassable, personnel will be instructed to use alternate routes for as limited a distance as necessary. Individuals will be tasked to ensure waste material and litter is collected on the site prior to departing the camp location. All waste produced on site will be packed out to Resolute Bay for proper disposal.
c.In order to prevent any unnecessary wildlife encounters, all waste will be appropriately contained, stored and removed from the sites as soon as possible.
d.Personnel will be made aware of the potential for threats from local wildlife and instructed to avoid encounters or disrupt any wildlife unless absolutely necessary.
e.Local treatment systems and municipal landfill or incineration will be used for the disposal of human waste. Waste generated during foot patrols or when municipal services are otherwise unavailable, will be bagged and packed out for appropriate disposal;
f.Local landfill or incineration will be used for the disposal of combustible waste. Disposal will occur in accordance with territorial and municipal regulations (waste will be handled by contract);
g.Local landfill, incineration or recycling centers, where available, will be used for the disposal of non-combustible wastes. Disposal will occur in accordance with territorial and municipal requirements (waste will be handled and disposed by contract);
h.All noise making activities will be limited as much as possible.
i.Vehicles and equipment will be maintained in good repair to prevent leakage of fuel, oil, etc.
j.Generators will be placed within suitable containment throughout the operation, and will be emptied for transportation;
k.Use of spill containment items including drip pans or mobile plastic berms will be maximized during refueling.
l.All fuel storage systems and containers to be used in NOREX GN 23 will be transported, stored, protected, etc. according to proper legislation, regulation, codes and guidelines.
m.All hazardous materials (HAZMAT) and fuel will be stored in approved storage containers and facilities, including compliant secondary containment and will be stored in accordance with municipal, territorial, and federal regulations;
n.HAZMAT prevention/response resources (spill pans, hydrocarbon spill pads, absorbal, etc.) will be available and ready for use if required. Spill kits will be specifically located at all fuel storage areas, vehicle maintenance areas and refueling areas.
o.All hazardous materials (HAZMAT), fuel storage, generator and vehicle parking areas are subject to inspection by environmental support staff. All involved elements will appoint an environmental representative, accountable for the supervision of best environmental practices;
p.HAZMAT waste will be appropriately packaged and transported to a suitable facility for disposal, in accordance with appropriate regulations – provided by a third party waste disposal facility if required; and,
q.Photographs will be taken of all training location sites, and temporary camp locations before, during and after use.
Based on all of the information available regarding the proposed NOREX GN 23 and the surrounding environment, if designed and carried out as planned using identified mitigation measures, follow-up programs and monitoring, NOREX GN 23 is not likely to cause any significant effect on the environment.
||Garbage disposed via existing infrastructure
||Disposed via existing infrastructure
|Sewage (human waste)
||Collected (bagged) and disposed via existing infrastructure